Like red wines, white wine can be classified by their grape variety.
If only one type of
White wines can be either dry or sweet. These are the most popular white wines. There are many white grape varieties, but here are the names you will recognize quickly.
The chardonnay grape originated in the Burgundy region of France, where it is still grown, producing a variety of different tasting white wines. the chardonnay grape is used to make still and sparkling wines, the most notable being champagne.
The flavor and color of a chardonnay wine can vary depending on whether or not it has had contact with wood, usually oak. A well balanced grape that offers tropical, citrus aromas and flavors, with a hint of melon and vanilla. Fermenting in oak barrels adds a buttery texture and taste, plus a darker color.
The fruity quality of the grape shines through and lingers to a long, crisp finish.
The Riesling grape is the classic German variety of the Rhine and Mostel regions.
These are aromatic, light wines often with balanced acidity. These can range from sweet to very dry. Grapes from the Alsace and Eastern part of the United States are somewhat drier.
Rieslings deliver the flavor of green apple, peach, tangerine and honeysuckle, drinkable with or without a meal. The taste can vary depending on where the grape was grown and the method of production.
True to its German translation: spicy. Deep color and aromatic – this wine delivers a crisp, lush refreshing taste that is a pleasure to drink on its own. It is slightly dry but with a flavor that encompasses elements of peaches and other fruits, plus the hint of spice.
Sauvignon Blanc is of the French origin and grown mainly in the region of Bordeaux, where it is often blended with Semillon to produce a crisp, grassy white wine.
This wine making grape is usually young and fresh, producing a wine with high acidity and herbal aromas. Sharp, green flavors can include grapefruit, lemon peel, pear and green herbs. Sometimes there are overtones of melon, mango and even blackcurrent.
Semillon is grown in the Bordeaux region of France, and also in Chile, Argentina, Australia and California.
The typical taste is fig-like and berry-like, and in some regions overripe Semillon grapes are often blended with sauvignon blanc to produce a more even, acceptable taste.
This creates a sweet, syrupy, full-bodied wine that is yellow in color and has an intense flavor.
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